The Kaziranga National Park is the abode of endangered species of one horned rhinos. Declared as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985, this is a bio reserve in the north-eastern part of the country. Almost 2/3rd population of one horned rhinos of the world; amounting to 2200, are spotted in Kaziranga forest if Assam.
Geography and Location
Sprawling over 430 sq km area, Kaziranga National Park was formed in 1908. Located near Brahmaputra River and encompassing both Golaghat and Nagaon districts, this bioreserve is the major national park of NE India, along with Manas Sanctuary and Nameri National Park.
Accessibility and Appropriate Time to Visit
Kaziranga National Park can be easily reached by flight, rail and road. Jorhat is the nearest airport and 76 km far from the park. The closest railhead is at Helem, which is about 30 kms from Kaziranga. Guwahati is approximately 200 kms from the park and many travellers drive down.
Though November to April is the right time to visit Kaziranga, but chances of wildlife spotting is maximum during hot and humid summers, where animals roam around water bodies.
Flora and Fauna
Pre-dominated by mixed deciduous and semi-evergreen forests, Kaziranga has thick forests and grasslands, meadows and marshy lagoons.
Kaziranga flaunts of 2/3rd population of one horned rhinos of the World. Along with these, the forest is the largest breeding space of Elephants, swamp deer and wild water buffaloes. With one horned rhinos, Kaziranga is a tiger reserve also as it houses a massive population of the royal Bengal tigers. Other animals frequently spotted here are Bengal foxes, flying squirrel, pangolins, gibbons, civets and sloth bear.
Safari in Kaziranga National Park
For all wildlife and thrill enthusiasts; there are two types of safari available at Kaziranga. Elephant safari is the most thrilling one and you actually meet the one horned rhinos face to face. The charges are INR 750/Indian and INR 1250/foreigner.
Watching wildlife in an open top jeep is also a matter of thrill and joy. Pay INR 300 for toll and INR 100/Indian and INR 650/foreigner and enjoy the most exhilarating jeep safari.
Stay Options in Kaziranga
The popular hotels and resorts to stay in Kaziranga forest are Diphlu River Lodge, Hills and Lake Resort, Jupuri Ghar Resort, The Retreat, Resort Borgos and Landmark Woods.